India’s pharmaceutical industry is divided into several segments that cater to different healthcare needs. Here are some of the major pharma segments in India:
1. Generics: The generic pharma segment in India involves the manufacturing and distribution of non-branded, cost-effective drugs that are bioequivalent to their branded counterparts.
2. Branded Generics: Branded generics are drugs that are marketed under a brand name, even though they are identical to the generic version of the drug. They are often priced higher than generics due to the marketing efforts and brand recognition.
3. Over-The-Counter (OTC) Medicines: OTC medicines are drugs that can be sold directly to consumers without a prescription. This segment includes drugs for common ailments such as headaches, fever, and colds.
4. Vaccines: The vaccine segment in India involves the development, manufacturing, and distribution of vaccines to prevent infectious diseases such as polio, measles, and hepatitis.
5. Biologics: Biologics are drugs that are derived from living organisms and are used to treat diseases such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis.
6. APIs (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients): API is the main ingredient in a drug that provides therapeutic effects. The API segment in India involves the manufacturing and distribution of these active ingredients.
7. Nutraceuticals: Nutraceuticals are products that are derived from food sources and are used for their health benefits. This segment includes dietary supplements, vitamins, and minerals.
8. Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicines: The Ayurvedic and herbal medicine segment in India involves the use of traditional Indian medicine systems to treat various ailments. This segment includes products made from natural ingredients such as herbs, roots, and spices.
In summary, the pharmaceutical industry in India is divided into several segments that cater to different healthcare needs. These segments include generics, branded generics, OTC medicines, vaccines, biologics, APIs, nutraceuticals, and Ayurvedic and herbal medicines.